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The Republican giant was wheelchair-bound in his final years but was still active up until the end, and the New York Times obituary of the former president detailed his fight with Parkinson's in his final years.

Bush 41 was hospitalized at Houston Methodist Hospital for an infection that spread to his blood.

Former US President George HW Bush has passed away aged 94, a confirmation from his family informed. "He is preceded in death by his wife of 73 years, Barbara". A family spokesman said Sunday, April 15, 2018, that the former first lady Barbara Bush is in "failing health" and won't seek additional medical treatment.

He ran for president again with Sen.

His presidency coincided with a period of world upheaval that saw the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the fall of the Berlin Wall and the start of America's post-Cold War conflicts.

In August 1990 he responded to Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait, creating a national coalition led by the U.S. that liberated the oil-rich yet tiny nation but stopped short of toppling the Iraqi dictator.

During his four years in the White House, Bush ordered a military operation in Panama to overthrow its drug-trafficking leader, Manuel Noriega. Around 425,000 United States troops and 118,000 coalition forces were mobilized for weeks of aerial strikes and a 100-hour ground battle. He fell short in his bid for reelection in 1992, during a time of high unemployment rates and continued deficit spending.

He lost his bid for re-election to Bill Clinton in a campaign in which businessman H. Ross Perot took nearly 19 percent of the vote as an independent candidate. Bush oversaw the opening of his presidential library in College Station, Texas, and was widely honored as an elder statesman.

Bush is survived by his sons, former President George W. Bush, former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush, Neil Bush, Marvin Bush, and daughter Dorothy Bush Koch.

The campaign was over within weeks - one of the most tactically successful military operations in United States history.

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