The Kremlin said before the two-day visit by Putin and top Russian ministers that the "key feature" would be the signing of a $5-billion deal for the S-400 air defence system, despite the risk of U.S. sanctions against countries buying Russian defence kit.
India would have done the needed diplomatic spadework to avoid falling foul of America's August 2017 law, Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA).
On October 05, the Russian President will hold delegation level talks with Prime Minister Modi at the Hyderabad House at around 11:30 AM. The Modi-Putin summit involves heavy-duty testing of the U.S. sanctions regime against Russian Federation, on top of India's claim for exemption from USA sanctions against Iran, for its purchases of oil. "Looking forward to our deliberations, which will further enhance India-Russia friendship", followed by a tweet in Russian.
However, the United States is in a hard position when it comes to India. He also said that the signing of the deal will be overseen by Putin and Modi. The summit also reflects India's assertion of its global relevance, particularly in the Indo-Pacific region, as a counterweight to China.
Last year India and China had a military standoff over a Himalayan plateau claimed by Beijing and Bhutan, a close ally of India.
Why does the Indian Air Force need new fighter aircraft?
"India has maintained its sovereignty as regards to its relationship with countries". Moscow is now expanding India's biggest nuclear power plant in Kudankulam.
But military kit is the main focus. "The value of the contract will be more than United States dollars 5 billion", he said.
"The administration is not only trying to navigate competing geopolitical interests but relatively stringent conditions imposed by a Congress determined to tie its hands on Russian Federation policy". They also met in Sochi this year.
Moscow is also pushing for India's entry into the Nuclear Suppliers Group of countries controlling access to nuclear technology.
Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman told reporters India was closing in on the deal to buy the air defence system from Russian Federation, with which it has long-standing military ties.
Afghanistan though has been a sticking point, experts say, where Moscow wants to engage Taliban in the peace process - a prospect unacceptable to India.