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The review petitions challenge the judgment of the Supreme Court delivered on May 5, 2017 confirming death penalty for all the four accused.

The apex court during the hearing of the case on Monday said that the death row convicts failed to point out "error apparent on the face of record" in the judgement.

India's Supreme Court on Monday rejected the pleas to review the capital sentences of three assailants in a notorious gang rape and murder of a young college student that shook India in 2012, bringing them one step closer to eventual execution.

Jyoti Singh, a physiotherapy student, was on a bus home from the cinema with a male friend when she was raped and thrown off the bus by a gang of five men and a teenager. After nearly two weeks, the victim succumbed to her injuries in a Singapore hospital where she was flown in a last ditch bid to save her life. The minor was tried in juvenile court and remanded to shelter home for three years before he was released in December 2015.

The victim's father said, "All women in the country have received justice today". The fourth assailant has not yet filed a review plea.

"There is no evidence to show that the death penalty acts as a deterrent for sexual violence or any other crime", said Asmita Basu, a top official of the global rights organisation in India.

They have now exhausted all their legal options but can still file a mercy petition before India's president. "The court has taken a decision against these kids (convicts) under political and media pressure", A. P. Singh told reporters.

The attack shocked the nation and sparked widespread protests.

More than 370 convicts were on death row as on December 2017, the last official count, down from 399 the previous year.

In 2016, there were around 40,000 rapes reported in India - up 60 percent from 2012, according to government data, and more cases go unreported, activists say.

On March 13, 2014, the Delhi HC upheld the verdict.

The girl from the northern Jammu region died after being kidnapped, drugged and gang raped by several men for days at a Hindu temple.

India is one of the countries that still permits capital punishment, typically hanging those sentenced to death. On July 9, 2018 SC will decide the fate of the four accused of death sentence in the Nirbhaya gang-rape case.

"What has happened between the confirmation of death sentence and now - there is no diminution of sexual violence against women", Grower said.