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The Modi-Xi summit meeting is taking place in the backdrop of a series of high-level interactions between both the two countries starting with Chinese Foreign Minister Wang's visit to India in December, the first after the Doklam border standoff.

The decision was made during delegation level between External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Chinese foreing minister Wang Yi in Beijing. The fact that Beijing took the initiative to invite India for an informal summit, way before the June SCO summit in Qingdao, demonstrates that Xi understands the costs of a prolonged confrontation with India at a time when China's relations with its second largest trading partner, the United States, are deteriorating. "The two leaders will have discussions of a strategic nature concerning the once-in-a-century shifts going on in the world".

Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman arrived in China on Monday to attend a preparatory meeting related to upcoming summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO).

Xi said he believes the upcoming SCO summit in the coastal city of Qingdao, Shandong Province, in June will be a success, state-run Xinhua news agency reported.

"Pursuing protectionism is like locking oneself in a dark room", Jinping had said, adding that those countries succumbing to populist pressures will cause damage to the domestic as well as the global economy.

This will be Modi's fourth visit to the country since 2014.

"Against such back drop China and India have a lot to discuss". In SCO India became a full member in the year 2017.

Sushma Swaraj said that PM Modi and Xi would have communications of a strategic nature.

Besides the longstanding border dispute, a range of issues plagues India-China ties. India has also raised concerns about an economic corridor China is building in Pakistan as the project cuts through Pakistan-administered Kashmir, disputed territory that New Delhi claims is illegally occupied.